Mouth and throat cancers are cancers that originate on the lips, the roof, sides, or floor of the mouth, tongue, tonsils, or back of the throat. Imaging tests, such as computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging, and positron emission tomography, are used to determine the size of the cancer and how far the cancer has spread. Treatment depends on the location, size, and extent of spread of the cancer and may include surgery, radiation therapy, and chemotherapy. In , mouth and throat cancer is estimated to develop in about 51, people 37, men and 14, women in the United States, resulting in about 10, deaths, mostly in men older than
An Overview of Oral Cancer
Head and neck cancer - Wikipedia
Special Offers. If this condition is caught early enough, the chances of successful treatment are high. Dentists look for early signs of mouth cancer during regular checkup appointments, but it's also important for you to recognize these warning signals so you can bring them to the attention of your dentist right away. Mouth cancer can occur anywhere in the mouth, including the lips, tongue and throat, as well as the salivary glands, pharynx, larynx and sinuses. And because early detection is crucial in overcoming this disease, you'll want to visit your doctor immediately if any of the following symptoms persist for more than two weeks:. Although the exact cause of oral cancer is unclear, there are certain lifestyle factors that can put someone at risk for this disease. Tobacco of any kind — cigarettes, cigars, pipes and smokeless tobacco — increase your risk for oral cancer.
Head and neck cancer
A biopsy is needed to confirm the diagnosis. Squamous cells are the thin, flat cells that line the mouth and throat. Much less commonly, non-squamous cell oral cancers like salivary gland tumors or lymphoma may develop.
An estimated 49, people will be diagnosed with oral cavity cancer or oropharyngeal cancer in , according to the American Cancer Society. And 9, of these cases will be fatal. Oral cancer can affect any of the working parts of your mouth or oral cavity, which include the:. The flat cells that cover the surfaces of your mouth, tongue, and lips are called squamous cells.